If you are asking the question, “what is rheumatology?”, you are not alone
Why? because rheumatology is one of the least known branches of medicine.
Rheumatology is a subspecialty of internal medicine devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases or musculoskeletal conditions. Rheumatic diseases affect the joints and connective tissues, cartilage and tendons.
There are more than 200 rheumatic diseases and syndromes and many of these conditions are considered autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases ensue from an abnormal response of the body’s immune system against it’s own tissues. Over 45 million people in the US are coping with some type of rheumatic disease.
Here is a list of most common conditions treated by a rheumatologist.
• Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Carpel tunnel syndrome
• Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR)
A rheumatologist is an internist with specific training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal diseases and autoimmune conditions called rheumatic diseases. These diseases can cause pain, swelling, stiffness and deformity of joints, tendons, bones and muscles.
Practicing rheumatologists have completed four years of medical or osteopathic education, three years of residency in internal medicine or pediatrics and a two year rheumatology fellowship. All practicing rheumatologists have also pass a test to become board certified.